Reference Populations – Geno 2.0 Next Generation

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Reference Populations – Geno 2.0 Next Generation Empty Reference Populations – Geno 2.0 Next Generation

Post by Guest on Mon Jan 23, 2017 7:48 am

Modern-day indigenous populations around the world carry particular blends of 18 regional affiliations. We compared your DNA results to each of 60 geographic and ethnic populations and calculated which two of these populations were most similar to you in terms of the genetic markers you carry.



African-American (Southwestern US)




  • Great Britain & Ireland

    4%



  • Eastern Africa

    2%



  • Southern Africa

    9%



  • Southern Europe

    3%



  • Western & Central Africa

    81%





The mixture of regions reflected here is due to the centuries-long forced slavery from Africa to the Americas during the slave-trading era (Western and Central Africa, Southern Africa, and Eastern Africa). There is also a European contribution to the population (comprising the smaller Great Britain/Ireland and Southern Europe components).



Altaian (Siberian)


  • Eastern Europe

    2%


  • Finland & Northern Siberia

    28%


  • Eastern Asia

    18%


  • Central Asia

    42%


  • Asia Minor

    8%


  • Southern Asia

    2%



This population is based on samples collected from a native Siberian population living in the Altai region, a mountainous area located in south-central Siberia on the borders of present-day Mongolia, China, Kazakhstan, and Russia. In addition to the Central Asia, Finland, Siberia, and Eastern Asia components typical of Siberian and Mongolian populations, there is also a small Asia Minor and Eastern European contribution, which shows the connection to steppe nomads and migrations from the west that spread agriculture over the past 10,000 years.



Amerindian (Mexico)


  • Finland & Northern Siberia

    5%


  • Native American

    87%


  • Southern Europe

    4%


  • Western & Central Africa

    2%



This population is based on samples collected from regions in central Mexico. These are the descendants of the original settlers of the Americas over 15,000 years ago, accounting for the large Native American percentage. The Finland and Siberia component is reflective of the origins of the Native Americans in northeastern Asia over 20,000 years ago, while the European components reflect the influence of Spanish colonization on Mesoamerica.



Bermudian


  • Great Britain & Ireland

    8%


  • Western & Central Europe

    2%


  • Eastern Europe

    2%


  • Native American

    7%


  • Northern Africa

    2%


  • Southern Africa

    6%


  • Southern Asia

    4%


  • Western & Central Africa

    66%



This population is based on samples collected from mixed populations living in Bermuda. The percentages shown here reflect Bermuda’s vast racial diversity, including Africans brought during the slave-trading era (West and central Africa, as well as Southern Africa) and European and Asian colonists and workers (Great Britain and Ireland, Western and Central Europe, and Southern Asia). In addition, some Native Americans were sent as slaves to Bermuda in the 17th century, accounting for the small Native American ancestry. Bermuda had no indigenous inhabitants when Europeans first arrived in the 16th century.



Bougainville-Nasioi (Oceania)


  • Eastern Asia

    13%


  • Southeast Asia & Oceania

    72%


  • Southern Asia

    15%



This population is based on groups from the Melanesian island of Bougainville, to the east of Papua New Guinea (PNG) in the Solomon Islands. In addition to the predominant Southeast Asia and Oceania component that defines this and other populations in the region, the smaller Southern and Eastern Asia components are thought to have been introduced over the past several millennia by the seafarers who hailed from continental Asia. These seafarers were the ancestors of the Polynesians, who migrated through PNG and the Solomon Islands before heading out into the open waters of the Pacific.



British (United Kingdom)


  • Jewish Diaspora

    2%


  • Great Britain & Ireland

    69%


  • Western & Central Europe

    9%


  • Eastern Europe

    2%


  • Scandinavia

    12%


  • Southern Europe

    5%



This reference population is based on people living in England, in the United Kingdom. The dominant Great Britain and Ireland and smaller Scandinavian components reflect distinct remnants from early settlers in northern Europe, hunter-gatherers who arrived there more than 30,000 years ago. The Western and Central and Southern European percentages likely arrived later, first with the spread of agriculture from the Fertile Crescent in the Middle East over the past 8,000 years, and much later by the reach of the Roman Empire. English populations today retain links to both the early Europeans and later migrants.




https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/reference-populations-next-gen/





Many more on the links

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