Pacific Islanders appear to be carrying the DNA of an unknown human species

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Pacific Islanders appear to be carrying the DNA of an unknown human species Empty Pacific Islanders appear to be carrying the DNA of an unknown human species

Post by eddie on Sun Nov 20, 2016 4:21 pm

Pacific Islanders appear to be carrying the DNA of an unknown human species

Hints of an unidentified, extinct human species have been found in the DNA of modern Melanesians - those living in a region of the South Pacific, northeast of Australia.

According to new genetic modelling, the species is unlikely to be Neanderthal or Denisovan - two ancient species that are represented in the fossil record - but could represent a third, unknown human relative that has so far eluded archaeologists.

"We’re missing a population, or we’re misunderstanding something about the relationships," Ryan Bohlender, a statistical geneticist from the University of Texas, told Tina Hesman Saey at Science News.

Bohlender and his team have been investigating the percentages of extinct hominid DNA that modern humans still carry today, and say they’ve found discrepancies in previous analyses that suggest our mingling with Neanderthals and Denisovans isn’t the whole story.

It’s thought that between 100,000 and 60,000 years ago, our early ancestors migrated out of Africa, and first made contact with other hominid species living on the Eurasian landmass.

This contact left a mark on our species that can still be found today, with Europeans and Asians carrying distinct genetic variants of Neanderthal DNA in their own genomes.

And that’s not all they’ve given us.

Earlier this year, researchers investigated certain genetic variants that people of European descent inherited from Neanderthals, and found that they’re associated with several health problems, including a slightly increased risk of depression, heart attack, and a number of skin disorders.

And a separate study published earlier this month found evidence that modern genital warts - otherwise known as the human papillomavirus (HPV) - were sexually transmitted to Homo sapiens after our ancestors slept with Neanderthals and Denisovans once they left Africa.

While our relationship with Neanderthals has been widely researched, how we interacted with the Denisovans - the distant cousins of Neanderthals - is less clear.

Much more sciencey stuff: http://www.sciencealert.com/pacific-islanders-appear-to-be-carrying-the-dna-of-an-unknown-human-species

Pacific Islanders appear to be carrying the DNA of an unknown human species Img_5415


Fascinating! And they are an entirely beautiful race too!

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eddie
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Pacific Islanders appear to be carrying the DNA of an unknown human species Empty Re: Pacific Islanders appear to be carrying the DNA of an unknown human species

Post by eddie on Sun Nov 20, 2016 4:23 pm

Pacific Islanders appear to be carrying the DNA of an unknown human species Img_5416
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Pacific Islanders appear to be carrying the DNA of an unknown human species Img_5420
Pacific Islanders appear to be carrying the DNA of an unknown human species Img_5419

_________________
WHEN YOU TALK, YOU ARE ONLY REPEATING WHAT YOU ALREADY KNOW.
BUT IF YOU LISTEN, YOU MAY LEARN SOMETHING NEW.

~ Dalai Lama
eddie
eddie
King of Beards. Keeper of the Whip. Top Chef. BEES!!!!!! Mushroom muncher. Spider aficionado!

Posts : 39690
Join date : 2013-07-28
Age : 49
Location : England

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