Larger brains do not lead to high IQs, new meta-analysis finds

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Larger brains do not lead to high IQs, new meta-analysis finds

Post by Guest on Sat Oct 17, 2015 3:55 pm

As early as 1836, the German physiologist and anatomist Friedrich Tiedemann, in an article in the Philosophical Transactions, expressed his opinion that "there is undoubtedly a connection between the absolute size of the brain and the intellectual powers and functions of the mind." With the advent of brain imaging methods (e.g., MRI, PET), reliable assessments of in-vivo brain volume and investigations of its association with IQ are now possible.

Now, an international team of researchers, led by University of Vienna researchers Jakob Pietschnig, Michael Zeiler, and Martin Voracek from the Faculty of Psychology, together with Lars Penke (University of Göttingen) and Jelte Wicherts (Tilburg University), published a meta-analysis examining correlations between in-vivo brain volume and IQ in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. Based on the data from 148 samples comprising over 8000 participants, they report a robust but weak association between brain size and IQ. This association appeared to be independent of participant sex and age.

"The presently observed association means that brain volume plays only a minor role in explaining IQ test performance in humans. Although a certain association is observable, brain volume appears to be of only little practical relevance. Rather, brain structure and integrity appear to be more important as a biological foundation of IQ, whilst brain size works as one of many compensatory mechanisms of cognitive functions," explains Jakob Pietschnig from the Institute of Applied Psychology of the University of Vienna.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/10/151014121103.htm

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Re: Larger brains do not lead to high IQs, new meta-analysis finds

Post by eddie on Sat Oct 17, 2015 6:10 pm

I never would have assumed that a larger brain was more intelligent in the first place? scratch

Sometimes, scientists are really good at stating the obvious.

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